Stainless steel in the world; It can be done in integrated iron and steel facilities or semi-integrated iron and steel facilities (arc furnaces).

Stainless steel is generally produced in carbon electrode arc furnaces with stainless steel scrap, alloying elements such as chromium, nickel and molybdenum added according to the type of steel.

When electric current passes through the carbon electrode of the arc furnace, the temperature gradually rises. Scrap and alloy elements begin to melt. When the melting is completed, the liquid metal is taken from the arc furnace to the Argon-Oxygen Carbon Reduction vessel. The amount of carbon is reduced. (As it is known, stainless steel contains much less carbon than mild steel.) After this, the resulting liquid metal is alloyed to achieve the analysis of the targeted stainless steel.

The material is then annealed and hot rolled or hammered to its final shape. The thickness of the sheets and the diameter of the rods and wires are reduced by cold rolling. Most stainless steel is annealed to soften the structure. It is then washed with acid to remove oxides. Thus, the natural formation of the protective passive film is ensured.